2012년 5월 27일 일요일

[자료] Understanding National Accounts


※ 발췌:

Chapter 12.

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The seven NIPA summary accounts presented above cover the transactions that are grouped in the SNA as[:]
  • the production account, 
  • the distribution and use of income accounts, and 
  • the capital accounts. 
[1] Relative to the SNA (see Figure 1), the NIPA domestic income and product account (Summary account 1) provides estimates of GDP and is similar to the SNA production account for the total economy. NIPA Summary Account 1 also provides information about the income earned in the production of GDP; in the SNA, these items are included in the generation of income account.

[2] The NIPA personal income and outlay account (summary account 3) and the government current receipts and expenditures account (Summary Account 4), and part of the private enterprise income account (summary account 2) roughly correspond to the remaining SNA distribution and use of income accounts for the domestic sectors (summary account 2 actually corresponds most closely to the SNA entrepreneurial income account).

[3] The NIPA domestic capital account (summary account 6) corresponds to the SNA capital account for the total economy.

[4] Both the NIPAs and SNA include a current account and a capital account for the rest-of-the world sector (summary accounts 5 and 7).

The major entries in the NIPA summary accounts are described below for each account.[3]
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발췌: 

The NIPAs are one of the three major elements of the U.S. national economic accounts

(1) The NIPAs display the value and composition of national output and the distribution of incomes generated in its production. (For information on the concepts and
definitions underlying the NIPAs, see “Chapter 2: Fundamental Concepts.”)

The other major elements of the U.S. national economic accounts are the industry accounts, which are also prepared by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), and the flow of funds accounts, which are prepared by the Federal Reserve Board. 

(2) The industry accounts consist of the input-output (I-O) accounts, which trace the flow of goods and services among industries in the production process and which show the value added by each industry and the detailed commodity composition of national output, and the gross domestic product (GDP) by industry accounts, which measure the contribution of each private industry and of government to GDP.1 

(3) The flow of funds accounts record the acquisition of nonfinancial and financial assets (and the incurrence of liabilities) throughout the U.S. economy, the sources of the funds used to acquire those assets, and the value of assets held and of liabilities owed.2 

In addition, BEA prepares two other sets of U.S. economic accounts: (4) the international accounts, which consist of the international transactions (balance of payments) accounts and the international investment position accounts; and (5) the regional accounts, which consist of the estimates of GDP by state and by metropolitan area, of state personal income, and of local area personal income. Finally, (6) the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics prepares estimates of productivity for the U.S. economy (which are partly based on the estimates of GDP). 

Altogether, the system of U.S. economic accounts presents a coherent, comprehensive, and consistent picture of U.S. economic activity.

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