2013년 3월 21일 목요일

[발췌: 미국 대통령 연두교서] 1944년 프랭클린 루스벨트

자료: http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=16518
미국 대통령 연두교서: http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/sou.php

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※ 발췌 (excerpt):

This Nation in the past two year has become an active partner in the world's greatest war against human slavery. We have joined with like-minded people in order to defend ourselves in a world that has been gravely threatened with gangster rule. But I do not think that any of us Americans can be content with mere survival. Sacrifices that we and our allies are making imposes us all a sacred obligation to see it that out of this war we and our children will gain something better than survival.


(... ...)

This republic had its beginning, and grew to its present strength, under the protection of certain inalienable political rightsㅡamong them the right of free speech, free press, free worship, trial by jury, freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures. They were our rights to life and liberty. As our Nation has grown in size and statureㅡas our industrial economy expandedㅡthese political rights proved inadequate to assure us equally in the pursuit of happiness. We have come to clear realization of the fact that true individual freedom cannot exist without economic security and independence. "Necessitous men are not free men." People who are hungry and out of a job are the stuff of which dictatorship are made.

In our day these economic truths have become accepted as self-evident. We have accepted, so to speak, a second Bill of Rights under which a new basis of security and prosperity can be established for all regardless of station, race, or creed.

Among these are: 
  • The right to a useful and remunerable job in the industries or shops or farms or mines of the Nations;
  • The right to earn enough to provide adequate food and clothing and recreation;
  • The right of every farmer to raise and sell his product at a return which will give hime and his family a decent living;
  • The right of every businessman, large and small, to trade in an atmosphere of freedom from unfair competition and domination by monopolies at home or abroad;
  • The right of every family to a decent home;
  • The right to adequate medical care and the opportunity to achieve and enjoy good health;
  • The right to adequate protection from the economic fears of old age, sickness, accident, and unemployment;
  • The right to a good education.
All of these rights spell security. And after this war is won we must be prepared to move forward, in the implementation of these rights, to new goals of human happiness and well-being.

America's own rightful place in the world depends in large part upon how fully these and similar rights have been carried into practice for our citizens. For unless there is security here at home there cannot be lasting peace in the world.

(... ...)

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