2011년 3월 20일 일요일

Dic: loggia

Webster's online
loggia:
1. A roofed arcade or gallery with open sides stretching along the front or side of a building; often at an upper level.[Wordnet]
2. A roofed open gallery. It differs from a veranda in being more architectural, and in forming more decidedly a part of the main edifice to which it is attached; from a porch, in being intended not for entrance but for an out-of-door sitting-room.[Websters].

다음백과(브리태니커)
로지아(loggia):

1면 이상의 면이 벽이 없이 트인 방 또는 홀·회랑·현관.
지중해 연안 지역에서 발달했으며, 탁 트였으면서도 햇빛을 가릴 수 있는 방을 만들려는 의도에서 비롯되었다. 고대 이집트의 많은 주택에는 지붕 위나 중정을 마주보는 실내에 여러 형태의 로지아가 있었다.
중세와 르네상스 이탈리아에서는 흔히 공공 광장과 연결되게 지었으며 대표적인 보기는 벤치 디 초네와 시모네 디 프란체스코가 지은 피렌체의 로지아 데이 란치(1376 착공)이다. 로지아는 또 빌라에는 없어서는 안될 부분으로, 훌륭한 장식이 덧붙여졌다. 로마에 있는 빌라 파르네시나의 로지아는 라파엘의 프레스코로 장식되어 있다.

■ Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loggia

Villa Godi by Palladio. A loggia is the focal point in place of a portico in the centre, and used again at each side of the structure as a corridor.
Domitian Terrace surmounted by the fifteenth century loggia of the Casa dei Cavalieri di Rodi,Trajan's ForumRome.
Loggia is the name given to an architectural feature, originally of Italian design. They are often a gallery or corridor at ground level, sometimes higher, on the facade of a building and open to the air on one side, where it is supported by columns or pierced openings in the wall. Notably, Brunelleschi featured a loggia at the front of the Ospedale degli Innocenti (Hospital of the Innocents) in Florence, Italy.
Renaissance arcadeloggias, City Hall in Poznań(1550–1555).
The loggia can also be an alternative to the portico. In this form it is most simply described as a recessed portico, or an internal room, with pierced walls and open to the elements. Occasionally a loggia is placed at the second floor level, above a loggia on the main floor; this is known as a 'double loggia'. Loggias sometimes were given significance in a facade by being surmounted by a pediment.
The main difference between a loggia and a portico is the role within the functional layout of the building. The portico allows access to the inside from the exterior, and can be found on vernacular and small scale buildings. The loggia is accessed only from inside, making it a place for leisure. Thus, it is found mainly on noble residences and public buildings.
Today, a loggia can be a small, often ornate, summer house built on the roof of a residence to enjoy cooling winds and admire the view. They are typical of Italian architecture and were especially popular in the 17th century. They are prominent in Rome.
Grinnell College in Grinnell, Iowa contains three distinct sets of dorms connected by loggias. The main quad of the Stanford University campus prominently features loggias, as do the University Center and Purnell Center for the Arts at Carnegie Mellon University, which frame a quad known as the Cut.
A loggia was added to the Sydney Opera House in 2006.
In Chester (United Kingdom) town centre a number of timber framed buildings dating from Tudor to Victorian periods have ground-floor loggias, called the Chester Rows.
In Russia, a loggia is a recessed balcony on apartment blocks.[1]

[edit]Notes

  1. ^ Balcony improvements, Pro-Remont home improvement site (in Russian)

[edit]References

  • Curl, James Stevens (paperback). A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (Second ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 880. ISBN 0-19-860678-8.

[edit]See also

댓글 쓰기