2010년 12월 20일 월요일

[용어] cosmopolitan, cosmocrat, cosmopolitanization

자료 1: Cosmocrats Bullish on Global Economy, Newsweek (2010년 5월)

The more cosmopolitan you are, the more optimistic you are about economic prospects, or so it seems, according to a new study by HSBC. The bank surveyed more than 2,000 “global citizens” (a.k.a., people who are affluent, well educated, traveled, and often multilingual) in 10 major world cities and found that they were much more bullish on the state of their own personal finances, as well as the health of the global economy, than the average Joe. Seventy-two percent reported no change in personal spending over the last three years, and few fretted about losing a job.
In fact, these high fliers were so optimistic that the majority had not touched their portfolio allocations (which are more diversified globally than those of the average Western investor) from 2008 onward, despite the financial crisis. According to Andy Ireland, the head of premier wealth management for HSBC, this comes down to “a belief in the growth potential of emerging markets.” Indeed, when asked which nations would lead the world in business opportunities over the next decade, most respondents chose China and India, and nearly 70 percent did not include the U.S. in their top picks. For those at home in the world, the U.S. feels less homey.

자료 2: Cosmopolitan urbanism, Google books (Jon Binnie, 2006, Routledge)

※ 메모: (...) (As Louis Wirth wrote in his classic essay 'Urbanism as a way of life', in a big city 'no single group has the undivided allegiance of the individual'(2000[1938]: 101). The urban cosmopolitan self is thus both hybrid and fragmented. It is hybrid in that it is made up of a fusion of different identities. And it is fragmented in as much as the successful urbanite is skilled at taking on and taking off a whole series of different temporally bounded identities as they move about the city.

Cosmopolitanization

So that is cosmopolitanism. But if we think back to Julia and Paul's movement through Auckland it is clear that neither of the two definitions of cosmopolitanism outlined above by themselves provide much analytical leverage. (...)

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