※ 어느 대학 교수의 문화사 강의 프로그램이다.(2009년 3월에 참고, 스크랩해둠)
※ 가까운 날짜로 앞당겨 경제사 폴더에도 스크랩해둠(2011년 3월)
※ 가까운 날짜로 앞당겨 경제사 폴더에도 스크랩해둠(2011년 3월)
Professor Ranum History 100.320
What does the phrase longue durée mean? Is your response: "I am not supposed to have to know French to take this course"? If so, consider yourself very probably lost forever to the study of cultural history! Not that the phrase longue durée is a key to unlocking cultural- historical secrets. No, indeed.
One does not, I repeat not, have to know French to take this course. Longue durée is, however, a phrase that is not easily translated–long duration does the job on only one level of meaning–but there is more to it than one level.
- Among historians, and Fernand Braudel in particular, long duration took on special meaning. Something like a concept, but not quite, and something like a chronological term, long duration came to be used to describe many, many historical features that may scarcely change for centuries.
- The wearing of black for certain types of mourning may be considered an example. Mourning is certainly a fact of life that has cultural ramifications, yet it cannot be studied easily within the usual chronological or thematic categories–say the 17th century or the Age of Louis XIV.
Your openness to research and reflection of the meanings of words is what is at stake, not whether or not you know what longue durée means. Every word used in this course will be open to collective scrutiny. We must work together to work out what we are talking about. Cultural history rests on the study of language, as does history in general, but in cultural history the themes, the concepts, and even the "subject" must be carefully scrutinized in order to avoid a collapse into "theory" or worse, antiquarianism.
There will be two written assignments in this course. The first is propadeutic. We must find out if your skills of analysis and writing are up to par. Answer one question, in three pages. Discern and characterize the "private" and "communitarian" aspects of religious belief and practice in the life of the Guerre family. Take N.Z. Davis's, The Return of Martin Guerre for your only source.
The second assignment will be from eight to ten pages on some theme that joins the reading of Montaigne's Travel Journals to another reading of your choice. There will also be a final exam in the course.
I. The French Language as a Historical Subject and Cultural CriticismExcerpt from Du Bellay, Défense et IllustrationExcerpt from dictionaries and encyclopedias, on the word "French"Fumaroli, The Genius of the French Language
II. Warrior CultureExcerpt from Montluc, MemoiresPhotographs of battle pictures, portraits, castlesNeuschel, Word of Honor, pp. 38-58, 103-131R. Herr on the Duel (summarized in class)
III. Peasant Families and CulturesEtchings and paintings of peasants, Champaigne to BoucherN.Z. Davis, The Return of Martin GuerreVideo film of the same
IV. Masculinity and Femininity in CulturePortraits of amazons, judges, courtiers, Louis XIVL. Roubin, "Male Space and Female Space in the Provençal Community," in Forster and Ranum, Rural Society in France, pp. 152-180McGowan, Ideal Forms in the Age of Ronsard, pp. 159-207Lougee, Le Paradis des Femmes, pp. 11-55 (this book is in English)
V. Urban Artisanal CultureEtchings of work places and skills (XVIth to XVIIIth centuries)Excerpts from Palissy, Paré, MénétraD. Farr, Hands of Honor, pp. 13-75, 223-260Printing and its influence on artisanal culture; "how-to" books
VI. Elite Urban Society and CultureBosse etchingsBallon, The Paris of Henry IV, pp. 57-113Lougee, pp. 113-170R. Isherwood, Farce and Fantasy, pp. 161-249
VII. Marriage, the "Other" and Family AlliancesExcerpts from peasant, merchant, and noble marriage contractsEtchings, from Bosse to GreuzeHenry IV's love lettersMoote, Louis XIII, pp. 79-87Le Roy-Ladurie, Love, Death, and Money in the Pays d'Oc, pp. 1-158
VIII. The State as a Culture, Utopian and CoerciveExcerpts from maps, canal scenes, coloniesR. Mousnier, The Institutions of France..., pp. 645-742
IX. The Cultures of Reading and WritingExcerpts from reading and writing handbooksR. Chartier, in Ariès and Duby, The History of Private Life III, pp. 111-159M. Motley, Becoming a French Aristocrat, pp. 68-168
X. The Culture of TasteIllustrations of food, food presentations, eating, the toiletteL. Flandrin, "Distinction through Taste," in Ariès and Duby, pp. 265-307
XI. Intimacy and Friendship: Social and Spatial TracesRanum, "The Refuges of the Intimate," in Ariès and Duby, pp. 207-263 Aymard, "On Friendship," in Ariès and Duby, pp. 447-491
XII. Culture in RevoltLe Roy-Ladurie, Carnival in Romans, pp. 175-324
XIII. Dying as a Cultural PhenomenonEtchings and photographs of dying, tombs, cemeteries in the XVIIth and XVIIIth centuries Ariès, The Hour of Our Death, pp. 327-38
XIV. Clothing and CultureEtchings of clothes, idealized social ranks and dignitariesRoche, The Culture of Clothing (pages to be assigned later)