2017년 12월 15일 금요일

[발췌] 제임스 마이어 로스차일드의 편지


※ 메모: James Mayer Rothschild. His letter written (supposedly) in 1839 about the unexpected marriage of, or its decision by, Hannah Mayer de Rothschild, the second daughter of Nathan Mayer Rothschild. That letter seemed to be addressed to his nephews, i.e., her brothers and the sons of Nathan, located in London.


CF. [메모] 로스차일드 가계의 구성 중에서


※ 발췌 (excerpts): 

출처 1: Negotiating Risk: British Pakistani Experiences of Genetics (Alison Shaw, Berghahn Books, 2009). 구글도서

( ... ... ) In 1839, Hannah Mayer shocked the family by marrying the son of an English aristocrat; this prompted her paternal uncle, Mayer's son James, to write to Hannah's brothers (his London nephews) to warn them of the threat to future marriages planned within the family of tolerating romantic attachments outside it. ( ... .... )


출처 2: Incest and Influence (Adam Kuper, Harvard University Press, 2010). 구글도서

When Hannah Mayer made her shocking marriage in 1839, her uncle James wrote a letter to her brothers, his London nephews, which smoothly elided the tradition of Jewish endogamy with the new Rothchild doctrone that Rothschilds should marry Rothschilds. The "main point", he insisted, was "religion," but he them immediately passed on to the constraints imposed by the Rothschild destiny:


출처 3: "Fraternity and endogamy. The House of Rothschild", (Adam Kuper, Social Anthropology (2001), 9, 3, 273-287)

( ... ... ) When Nathan's second daughter, Hannah Mayer, married a Christian, Henry Fitzroy, in 1839, she was effectively ostracized by the family. It was not until the 1870s that such marriages (usually into aristocratic families) began to be tolerated, but only Rothschild daughters were involved ( ... ... )

( ... ... ) Hannah Mayer's shocking marriage in 1829 to the son of an English aristocrat inspired James to write a letter to her brothers, his London nephews, which nicely elided the tradition of Jewish endogamy with the new Rothschild doctrine that Rothschilds should marry Rothschilds. The 'main points', he insisted, was 'religion', but he then immediately passed on to the constraints imposed by the Rothschild destiny:

I and the rest of the family have ... always brought our offspring up from their early childhood with the sense that their love is to be confine to members of the family, that their attachment for one another would prevent them from getting any ideas of marring anyone other than one of the family so that the fortune would stay inside the family. Who will give me any assurance that my own children will do what I tell them if they see that there is no punishment forthcoming?  ( ... .... ) Do you really think that all the nicely conceived projects [will come to fruition] -- that is, that Mayer will marry Anselm's daughter, that Lionel's daughter will marry the child of another member of the family so that the great fortune and the Rothschild name will continue to be honoured and transmited [to future generations] -- if one doesn't put a stop to this? (1: 321-1)

출처 4: The House of the Rothschild, Vol. 1 (Niall Ferguson. Penguin Books, 1998). 자료 링크.

※ 발췌 (excerpt):  Part III Uncle and Nephews, Chapter 12 Love and Debt

[T]he very society which you think is today rejecting you because you are not being very friendly to it over a sister who is behaving against the wishes of her family, that very same society will be just as friendly to you and will hold you in even greater esteem when they see that you stick to your principles ... ... ─ James to Nat, July 16, 1839

※ 여기서 Nat은 Nathan Mayer Rothschild(1777-1836)의 넷째 아들 Nathaniel de Rothschild (1812-1870)를 지칭. Nathan의 둘째 딸 Hannah Mayer de Rothschild (1815-1864)의 바로 위 오빠. 편지에 등장하는 Lionel은 Nathan의 첫째 아들 Lionel Nathan de Rothschild(1808-1879)를 지칭.


On April 29, 1839, a catastrophe befell the Rothschilds--or so it seemed to the family at the time. Less than three years after the unexpected death of Nathan at the very height of his powers, his second daughter, Hannah Mayer, renouced Jadaism to marry a Christian.

( ... ... )

The Crime and Punishment of Hannah Mayer

In the classic topos of the 19th-century novel, it is the aristocratic family which disapproves of the mercantile match. Fitzroy's family undoubtedly did disapprove, cutting off his allowance. However, they did not disapprove nearly as violently as the Rothschilds. This was not, in fact, the first time Hannah Mayer had formed an attachment to a Gentile: before her father's death, according to one account, Prince Edmond de Clary had proposed to her in Paris. Then Nathan had bluntly dismissed the idea; and when his brother James heard of her new affair with Fitzroy, he was no more sympathetic:
Well, my dear Lionel, your letters wherein you speak about the distressing circumstances and the love affair of your sister Hannah Mayer break our heart. You can imagine why this is so because nothing could possibly be more disastrous for our family, for our continued well-being, for our good name and for our honour than such a decisin, God forbid. ( ... ... )

( ... ... ) James advised his nephews to inform thir uncle Salomon of Hannah's intentions, but was doubtful whether he would be able "to do any more good as far as this issue is conerned than I can." He also agreed to come to London before February 20 to try to dissuade his niece in person. "But," he wrote gloomily,
whether our trip will turn out to be successful and what kind of impression this will make on the public, this I can't possibly predict, or whether Hannah Mayer will take any notice of our well-meaning advice when she well knows that the only purpose of our visit to London is to frustrate her love adventure. I am more inclined to believe that in view of this girl's independent character we are more likely to exasperate her even more than convince her to abandon this ill-starred love affair. ( ... ... )

In fact, James was prevented from visiting England by a bout of illness. Instead, he suggested that Hannah Mayer--chaperoned by her mother--come to stay with him in Switzerland, where he planned to continue his convalescence. This suggested "diversion" came too late. The very day after James sent his invitation, the wedding took place at St George's in Hanover Square. Only her brother Nat attended the service, the bride's mother having escorted her no further than the church gates. A few weeks later the scandal made it into ^The Times^:

( ... ... ) It is said that the bride's uncles are by no means pleased with a match which renders a change of religion necessary.

This last was an understatement. "I admit quite frankly," wrote an incadenscent James from Paris,

that the story about Hannah Mayer made me so ill that I did not have the courage to pick up a pen and write about this matter. ( ... ... ) You say, my dear Nat, that she has found everything except for religion. However, I believe that [religion] means everything. Our good fortune and our blessings depend upon it. We shall therefore wipe her from our memory and never again during my lifetime will I or any other member of our family see or receive her. We now want to wish her all the best and banich her from our memory as if she had never existed.

... ...

댓글 쓰기