2016년 10월 17일 월요일

Dic/ usages/ now (again, some of its various usages as a 'connector')

now,

As adv:

─ given the present circumstances.
─ used when you know or understand something because of something you have just seen, just been told etc.
─ You use now to indicate that a particular situation is the result of something that has recently happened.

  • now we'll have to stay to the end.
  • Having met the rest of the family, she now saw where he got his temper from. 
  • She told me not to repeat it, but now I don't suppose it matters. 
  • Diplomats now expect this mission to be much less ambitious.
Also as adv:

─ You can say 'Now' to introduce information which is relevant to the part of a story or account that you have reached, and which needs to be known before you can continue. (SPOKEN)
  • My son went to Almeria in Southern Spain. Now he and his wife are people who love a quiet holiday. 
  • Now, I hadn't told him these details, so he must have done some research on his own.
─ You say 'Now' to introduce something which contrasts with what you have just said. (SPOKEN)
  • Now, if it was me, I'd want to do more than just change the locks.


As conj:

─ (sub.; often followed by that) seeing that; since it has become the case that.
─ You use now or now that to indicate that an event has occurred and as a result something else may or will happen.
  • now you're in charge, things will better. 
  • Now you're settled, why don't you take up some serious study? 
  • Now that she was retired she lived with her sister.

As sentence connector:

─ a) used as a transitional particle or hesitation word.
  • now, I can't really say.
.... COLLINS, LDOCE, COBUILD


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