2015년 4월 14일 화요일

[발췌: Syed Ali Raza's Social Democratic System] Chap 3, Political Systems

출처: Syed Ali Raza(2012). Social Democratic System. Global Peace Trust
자료: 구글도서


※ 발췌 (excerpt): pp. 31~

Chapter 3
Political Systems

There follows a brief guide to the varius political systems available from the menu of human philosophical and political experience. I have divided the systems into two distinct groups reflecting the key differences.


THE SOCIAL ENGINEERS-COLLECTIVISM

This group considers mankind the raw material from which to construct a society. The forms of society differ, the means by which its design is arrived at differs, but what they all have in common is the notion that one/some/many men should rule the others─whether it be king, dictator or majority.


AUTOCRACY/DICTATORSHIP/DESPOTISM

A supreme, uncontrolled, unlimited authority, or right of governing in a single person, as of an autocrat, characterizes an autocracy. It is very similar to a dictatorship. The key here is that the autocrat has absolute power. Au autocrat requires a massive amount of force (in an army for instance) to exert control over an unwilling people. A benevolent autocrat is a contradiction in terms. A (rational)  benevolent person recognizes that benevolence is not something, which can, by its nature, be forcibly created. A benevolent leader would seek to undo the social engineering and return the society toward the sovereignty of the individual. Iraq under Hussein is a good example of dictatorship, as was Russia under Stalin. 

( ... ... )

댓글 쓰기