2012년 9월 27일 목요일

Dic: prescribe (2) (GIVE RULE)


2. If a person or set of laws or rules prescribes an action or duty, they state that it must be carried out. (FORMAL)

  • ...article II of the constitution, which prescribes the method of electing a president...
  • Alliott told Singleton he was passing the sentence prescribed by law.
.... COBUILD


verb [T] FORMAL △to tell someone what they must have or do; to give something as a rule:
  • Penalties for not paying taxes are prescribed by law. 
  • [+ that] The law prescribes that all children must go to school. 
  • [+ question word] Grammatical rules prescribe how words may be used together.

prescribed. adj:
  • The product will have to meet internationally prescribed (= demanded) standards.

prescription. noun [C or U] FORMAL △when someone says what someone else must have or do:
  • So what is his prescription for success?

prescriptive. adj. FORMAL MAINLY DISAPPROVING △saying exactly what must happen, especially by giving an instruction or making a rule:
  • Most teachers think the government's guidelines on homework are too prescriptive.

CF. prescribe(1) (GIVE MEDICAL TREATMENT)
.... CALD

■ prescriptive. adj.

 △ A prescriptive approach to something involves telling people what they should do, rather than simply giving suggestions or describing what is done. (FORMAL)
  • ...prescriptive attitudes to language on the part of teachers...
  • The psychologists insist, however, that they are not being prescriptive.

 △ 
  1. making or giving directions, rules, or injunctions
  2. sanctioned by long-standing usage or custom
  3. derived from or based upon legal prescription: ex) a prescriptive title

  △ 
  1. saying how something should or must be done, or what should be done: ex) prescriptive teaching methods 
  2. stating how a language should be used, rather than describing how it is used (≠ descriptive) : ex) prescriptive grammar 
  3. prescriptive right: BrE. law. a right that has existed for so long that it is as effective as a law

..... COBUILD, COLLINS, LDOCE

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