2011년 8월 28일 일요일

Dic: by (from what something shows or says; according to a standard, rule, law)

9△ from what something shows or says; according to something.

  • By my watch it is two o'clock.
  • I could tell by the look on her face that something terrible had happened.
  • By law, you are a child until you are 18.
..... OALD

7. PREP△ If something must be done by law, it happens according to the law. If something is the case by particular standards, it is the case according to the standards.
  • Pharmacists are required by law to give the medicine prescribed by the doctor.
  • evening wear that was discreet by his standards.
....... Cobuild

CF.
  • By this strict definition, few markets in the U.S. economy are perfectly competitive.

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