2011년 3월 11일 금요일

[참고] Arte della lana

자료 1: 링크

(...) 1419년 피렌체 길드 '아르테 델라 라나(Arte della lana)는 미완성의 돔을 위해 컨테스트를 실시한다. 피렌체에는 21개의 길드가 있었는데, 그중 가장 큰 일곱 개 길드 중 하나가 바로 모직 의류상 조합인 '아르테 델라 라나'였다. (...)


자료 2: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arte_della_Lana

The Arte della Lana was the wool guild of Florence during the Late Middle Ages and in the Renaissance. It was one of the seven greater Arti ("trades") of Florence, separate from the Arti Minori (the "lesser trades"). The Arte della Lana dealt in woollen cloth and cooperated with the other corporations of bankers and merchants in administering the commune, both under the podestà and the Republic of Florence. At the height of the industry the Arte della Lana directly employed 300 workers and indirectly about a third of Florence's population, and produced 100,000 lengths of cloth annually. The Arte della Lana saw all the processes from the raw baled wool through the final cloth, woven at numerous looms scattered in domiciles throughout the city. Like other guilds, the Arte served only to coordinate the activities of its own members, who did not generally own the means of production or directly manage the processes. Its syndics ensured that quality standards were met and contracts were honored.

The predecessor and until the mid-14th century the rival of the Arte della Lana was the powerful Arte di Calimala, a corporation of importers of raw cloth, who dyed and finished it.
The guildhall, the Palazzo dell' Arte della Lana, was completed in 1308, with an attached fortifiable tower-house. From its interior, where some 14th-century frescoes remain, a gallery designed by Bernardo Buontalenti links the palazzo with the church of Orsanmichele. The palazzo is presently the seat of the Società Dantesca.


자료 2: 피렌체 대성당 ( 링크 )

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