2013년 4월 25일 목요일

[World War I] Who Declared War and When



자료 1. http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/declarationsofwar.htm (출처: www.firstworldwar.com )

※ 제1차 세계대전 세계 각국의 선전포고 일지:

※ 발췌(excerpt):

United Kingdom:


자료 2. The British Declaration of War (출처: History Learning Site  )

On August 4th 1914, Great Britain declared war on Germany. It was a decision that is seen as the start of World War One. Britain, led by Prime Minister Herbert Asquith, had given Germany an ultimatum to get out of Belgium by midnight of August 3rd. In fear of being surrounded by the might of Russia and France, Germany had put into being the Schlieffen Plan in response to the events that had occurred in Sarajevo in June 1914. By doing this, the German military hierarchy had doomed Belgium to an invasion. Belgium’s neutrality had been guaranteed by Great Britain as far back as 1839. Asquith had a very simple decision to make – but one that would have a cataclysmic impact on British society. He could either turn a blind eye to a war in mainland Europe that might have little impact on Britain if she stood as a neutral. Or the British public could see Asquith as the man who stood up to the perceived bullying of Germany and who stood for righteousness and decency. A future Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, described the scene in London in the hours that led to the declaration of war. ( ... ... )

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