2013년 3월 16일 토요일

Dic: Synonyms: enmity, hostility, antagonism, animosity, rancor, antipathy, animus


These nouns refer to the feeling or expression of deep-seated ill will.

Enmity is hatred such as might be felt for an enemy:

  • the wartime enmity of the two nations.
Hostility implies the clear expression of enmity:
  • "If we could read the secret history of our enemies, we should find . . . enough to disarm all hostility" (Henry Wadsworth Longfellow).
Antagonism is hostility that quickly results in active resistance, opposition, or contentiousness:
  • "the early struggles of famous authors, the notorious antagonism of publishers and editors to any new writer of exceptional promise" (Edith Wharton).
Animosity often triggers bitter resentment or punitive action:
  • overcame her animosity toward her parents.
Rancor suggests vengeful hatred and resentment:
  • filled with rancor after losing his job.
Antipathy is deep-seated aversion or repugnance:
  • an antipathy to social pretension.
Animus is distinctively personal, often based on one's prejudices or temperament:
  • an inexplicable animus against intellectuals.
.... The American Heritage

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