2011년 10월 10일 월요일

Dic# predatory crime

■ Predatory crime: A (usually) violent crime with a human victim, such as robbery or rape; contrasted with "victimless" crime, such as drug use or prostitution.



■ (...) 일반적으로 약물에 중독되거나 남용하게 되면, 약물구입비마련을 위하여 재산범죄(predatory crime){??}을 행하게 된다는 것이 지배적인 가설로 되어 있다. 하지만 현재의 약물관계법 규정에서는 약물범죄자의 사회적 위험성정도를 사회 질서위반행위라는 개념으로써 매우 넓은 의미에서 규정하고 있다. 따라서 본조사에서는 비약물범죄유형을 재산범죄에 한정하지 않고 대표적인 형법범인 강도, 살인, 폭력, 강간, 등으로 나누어서 약물범죄와 비약물범죄와의 관계에 대해서 알아 보고자 한다. (...)


■ Types of crime: (...)
  • Drug crimes. The drug-crime category encompasses a range of offenses connected with the use, transportation, purchase, and sale of illegal drugs.
  • Street crime. The most common forms of predatory crime—rape, robbery, assault, burglary, larceny, and auto theft—occur most frequently on urban streets. Racial minority citizens account for a disproportionately high number of the arrests for street crimes.
  • Organized crime. The term “organized crime” refers to the unlawful activities of members of criminal organizations that supply illegal goods and services.
  • Political crime. The political-crime category contains both crimes by the government and crimes against the government. Political goals motivate political criminals.
  • Victimless crime. Consensual acts (in which people are willing participants) and violations in which only the perpetrator is hurt, such as the personal use of illegal drugs, are called victimless crimes.
  • White-collar crime. White-collar crimes are offenses that persons commit while acting in their legitimate jobs and professions. White-collar criminals behave in unethical ways for self-gain (for example, embezzlement) or for the benefit of a business (for example, corporate price-fixing). Victims of white-collar crime include the economy, employers, consumers, and the environment.
... 자료: Types of crime

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