2011년 8월 31일 수요일

Dic: condition, conditions (as a meaning of: state of sth, circumstances)

state of something

1. [uncountable, singular]△ the state that something is in.
1. N-SING : also no det, with supp△ If you talk about the condition of a person or thing, you are talking about the state that they are in, especially how good or bad their physical state is.

  • to be in bad/good/excellent condition
  • a used car in perfect condition
  • The house is in a generally poor condition.
  • He remains in a critical condition in a California hospital.
  • The two-bedroom chalet is in good condition.
  • You can't drive in that condition.
circumstances

4. conditions [plural] the circumstances or situation in which people live, work or do things.
3. N-PLURAL : usu with supp The conditions in which people live or work are the factors which affect their comfort, safety, or health.
  • living conditionshousing conditionsworking conditions
  • changing economic conditions
  • neglected children living under the most appalling conditions
  • a strike to improve pay and conditions
  • People are living in appalling conditions.
  • He could not work in these conditions any longer.
5. conditions [plural] the physical situation that affects how something happens.
2. N-PLURAL : usu with supp The conditions under which something is done or happens are all the factors or circumstances which directly affect it.
  • The plants grow best in cool, damp conditions.
  • freezing/icy/humid, etc. conditions
  • Conditions are ideal (= the weather is very good) for sailing today.
  • treacherous driving conditions
  • This change has been timed under laboratory conditions.
  • The mild winter has created the ideal conditions for an ant population explosion.
CF.
  • Market structure depends on relative cost and demand factors. ... Cost and demand conditions affect market structures. ...

CF. medical

2. [uncountable, singular] the state of somebody's health or how fit they are.
  • He is overweight and out of condition (= not physically fit).
  • You are in no condition (= too ill/sick, etc.) to go anywhere.
  • The motorcyclist was in a critical condition in hospital last night.
  • (informal) She shouldn't be driving in her condition (= because she is pregnant).
3. [countable] an illness or a medical problem that you have for a long time because it is not possible to cure it.
  • a medical condition
  • He suffers from a serious heart condition.
5. N-COUNT : usu with supp If someone has a particular condition, they have an illness or other medical problem.
  • Doctors suspect he may have a heart condition.(= complaint, disorder)
..........  OALD, Cobuild


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