2014년 4월 8일 화요일

Dic: will (some modal usages reviewed)


[1] MODAL: WHAT GENERALLY HAPPENS

   1.1 You use will to indicate that an action usually happens in the particular way mentioned. [COBUILD]
   1.2 used to say what always happens in a particular situation or what is generally true.[LDOCE]
   1.3 used for stating what is generally true.[OALD]

  • The thicker the material, the less susceptible the garment will be to wet conditions.
  • There's no snake known that will habitually attack human beings unless threatened with its life.
  • Oil will float on water.
  • Accidents will happen.
  • If it's made of wood it will float. [cf. 2.1 below]
  • Engines won't run without lubricants.
[2] MODAL: WHAT IS PROBABLY TRUE

   2.1 You use will in the main clause of some ‘if’ and ‘unless’ sentences to indicate something that you consider to be fairly likely to happen.[COBUILD]
   2.2 used for stating what you think is probably true.[OALD]
  • If you overcook the pancakes they will be difficult to roll.
  • That'll be the doctor now.
  • You'll have had dinner already, I suppose.
[3] MODAL: POSSIBILITY

   3.1 You use will to say that a person or thing is able to do something in the future. [COBUILD]
   3.2 used like 'can' to show what is possible.[LDOCE]
   3.3 used for stating what is true or possible in a particular case. [OALD]
  • How the country will defend itself in the future has become increasingly important...
  • How will I recognize you?
  • This car will hold five people comfortably.
  • This jar will hold a pint.
  • The door won't open!
.... COBUILD, LDOCE, OALD

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