2012년 3월 6일 화요일

Dic: require

Generally two kinds of meaning:

[1] to need something to need something; to depend on someone or something

  • Campbell's broken leg will probably require surgery. 
  • What's required is a complete reorganization of the system. 
  • Most house plants require regular watering.
  • These pets require a lot of care and attention.
  • Deciphering the code requires an expert.
  • This condition requires urgent treatment.
  • Do you require anything else? (= in a store, for example)  ... [require something]
  • A successful marriage requires us to show trust and loyalty. ... [require someone/something to do something]
  • The situation required that he be present.  ... [require that…]
  • Lentils do not require soaking before cooking.  ... [require doing something]
[2] if you are required to do or have something, a law or rule says you must do it or have it. [often passive] to make someone do or have something, especially because it is necessary according to a particular law or set of rules
  • You are required by law to wear a seat belt.
  • [require that]Regulations require that students attend at least 90% of the lectures. 
  • The bill failed to get the required number of votes.  ... [be required to do sth]
  • The wearing of seat belts is required by law.
  • “Hamlet” is required reading (= must be read) for this course.
  • Several students failed to reach the required standard.
  • I just require a signature on the form. ... [require something]
  • What exactly is required of a receptionist (= what are they expected to do)? ... [require something of someone]
  • All candidates will be required to take a short test. ... [require someone to do something]
  • We require that you comply with the following rules:…  ... [require that…]
..... LDOCE, OALD

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