2011년 8월 23일 화요일

Dic: bedestan, bezestan

자료 1: http://archnet.org/library/dictionary/entry.jsp?entry_id=DIA0049&mode=full

Special closed form of Turkish market where goods of high value were haded. The usual form of bedestan is a long domed or vaulted hall two storeys high with external shop units.

Definition

Originally bedestan referred to the area of a market where cloth was sold or traded from the 'bezzaz han' (cloth market). The earliest bedestans were probably specific areas of a general bazar or market. The earliest known bedestan is the Beysehir Bedestan built in 1297 according to an inscription above the gateway. The building consists of a closed rectangular courtyard covered by six domes supported on two central piers. There are doorways on three sides and on the outside there are small open shop units, six on the east and west sides and nine on the north and south sides.
During the Ottoman period bedestans developed as a specific building type and became the centre of economic life in a city. Because they could be locked they were often used for jewellery or money transactions and came to be regarded as signs of prosperity in a city.

Ottoman bedestans were built in a variety of forms and may include features such as external shops, internal cell units and arastas (arcades). The simplest plan consists of a square domed hall with one or two entrances like those at Amasya or Trabzon. More complicated structures like the Rustem Pasha Bedestan in Erzerum consist of a central enclosed courtyard surrounded by a closed vaulted corridor containing shop units.


자료 2: Bezestan, http://www.cnrtl.fr/definition/bezestan

Marché couvert, au Moyen-Orient (cf. A. Pommier, Océanides et fantaisies, 1839, p. 224).

댓글 쓰기