2013년 12월 24일 화요일

[책: Positive Money's] Modernising Money: Why Our Monetary System is Broken, and How It Can Be Fixed



주요 차례
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Part 1: The Current Monetary System  (29)

 _ 1. A Short History of Money  (31)
  • 1.1 The origins of money  (31)
  • 1.2 The emergence of banking  (36)
 _ 2. The Current Monetary System  (47)
  • 2.1 Commercial (high-street) banks  (47)
  • 2.2 The business model of banking  (53)
  • 2.3 Money creation (59)
  • 2.4 Other functions of banking  (62)
  • 2.5 Money destruction  (68)
  • 2.6 Liquidity and central bank reserves  (70)
  • 2.7 Money creation across the whole banking system  (75)
 _ 3. What Determines the Money Supply?  (81)
  • 3.1 The demand for credit  (82)
  • 3.2 The demand for money  (85)
  • 3.3 Factors affecting banks' lending decisions  (88)
  • 3.4 Factors limiting the creation of money  (95)
  • 3.5 So what determines the money supply?  (109)
 _ 4. Economic Consequences of the Current System  (115)
  • 4.1 Economic effects of credit creation  (116)
  • 4.2 Financial instability and 'boom & bust'  (128)
  • 4.3 Evidence  (139)
  • 4.4 Other economic distortions due to the current banking system  (147)
 _ 5. Social and Environmental Impacts of the Current Monetary System  (155)
  • 5.1 Inequality  (155)
  • 5.2 Private debt  (158)
  • 5.3 Public debt, higher taxes & fewer public services  (159)
  • 5.4 Environmental impacts  (160)
  • 5.5 The monetary system and democracy  (165)

Part 2: The Reformed Monetary System  (173)

 _ 6. Preventing Banks from Creating Money  (175)
  • 6.1 An overview  (176)
  • 6.2 Current/Transaction Accounts and the payments system  (178)
  • 6.3 Investment Accounts  (182)
  • 6.4 Accounts at the Bank of England  (185)
  • 6.5 Making payments  (191)
  • 6.6 Making loans  (194)
  • 6.7 How to realign risk in banking  (199)
  • 6.8 Letting banks fail  (201)
 _ 7. The New Process for Creating Money  (203)
  • 7.1 Who should have the authority to create money?  (203)
  • 7.2 Deciding how much money to create: The Money Creation Committee (MCC)  (204)
  • 7.3 Accounting for money creation  (210)
  • 7.4 The mechanics of creating new money  (211)
  • 7.5 Spending new money into circulation  (211)
  • 7.6 Lending money into circulation to ensure adequate credit for businesses  (214)
  • 7.7 Reducing the money supply  (216)
 _ 8. Making the Transition  (219)
  • 8.1 The overnight 'switchover' to the new system  (220)
  • 8.2 Ensuring banks will be able to provide adequate credit immediatly after the switchover  (231)
  • 8.3 The longer-term transition  (233)
 _ 9. Understanding the Impacts of the Reforms  (241)
  • 9.1 Differences between the current & reformed monetary systems  (241)
  • 9.2 Effects of newly created money on inflation and output  (241)
  • 9.3 Effects of lending pre-existing money via Investment Accounts  (246)
  • 9.4 Limitations in predicting the effects on inflation and output  (250)
  • 9.5 Possible financial instabilitiy in a reformed system  (251)
  • 9.6 Debt  (256)
  • 9.7 Inequality  (260)
  • 9.8 Environment (261)
  • 9.9 Democracy  (263)
 _ 10. Impacts on the Banking Sector  (265)
  • 10.1 Impacts on commercial banks  (265)
  • 10.2 Impacts on the central bank  (274)
  • 10.3 Impacts on the UK in an international context  (275)
  • 10.4 Impacts on the payment system  (277)
 _ 11. Conclusion  (285)


Part 3: Appendices
  • Appendix I: Examples of Money Creation by the State: Zimbabwe vs. Pennsylvania  (287)
  • Appendix II: Reducing the National Debt  (303)
  • Appendix III: Accounting for the Money Creation Process  (311)
Bibliography  (323)

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