2012년 9월 22일 토요일

[예문 메모] 20세기 초 영문 예문들

글의 스타일은 사람마다 다르고 분야마다 다르고 또 시기마다 다를 텐데, 제한적인 사례나마 1900~30년대의 예문 중에서 틈나는 대로 관찰해보고 싶은 부분들을 적어둬보자.

* * *
1.
With home investment, even if it be ill-advised or extravagantly carried out, at least the country has the improvement for what it is worth; the worst conceived and most extravagant housing scheme imaginable leaves us with some houses.

.... John Maynard Keynes,  Collected Writings, vol. 19: Activities 1922-9, p. 229.

2.
At the end of the seventeenth century the divine right of monarchs gave place to natural liberty and to the compact, and the divine right of the church to the principle of toleration, and to the view that ‘a church is a voluntary society of men’, coming together, in a way which is ‘absolutely free and spontaneous’ (Locke, A Letter Concerning Toleration).

.... John Maynard Keynes, The End of Laissez-Faire (1926)

3.
These ideas[ideas summed as individualism described in the previous paragraph of the text] furnished a satisfactory intellectual foundation to the rights of property and to the liberty of the individual in possession to do what he liked with himself and with his own.

... John Maynard Keynes, The End of Laissez-Faire (1926)

4.
(Suppose that by the working of natural laws individuals pursuing their own interests with enlightenment in condition of freedom always tend to promote the general interest at the same time! ...) To the philosophical doctrine that the government has no right to interfere, and the divine that it has no need to interfere, there is added a scientific proof that its interference is inexpedient.

... John Maynard Keynes, The End of Laissez-Faire (1926)

5.
I should have expected that an author who has shown that almost all his fundamental concepts are ambiguous, and that some are even defined in several flatly contradictory ways, would have been more anxious to make clear in exactly what sense he wants them to be understood. Is it not the least we can ask from him that at any rate at this stage he should commit himself to a definite an unequivocal definition of his concepts?

.... F.A. Hayek, Contra Keynes and Cambridge, vol. 9, Collected Works

6.
On January 23, 1932, after a hiatus of nearly two weeks, during which Hayek suffered "a slight attack of influenza," he responded at length. (... ...) Keynes was tiring of the correspondence. Sharing Hayek's latest salvo with Sraffa, he wrote[:]
"What is the next move? I feel that the abyss yawnsㅡand so do I. (...)"
It was three weeks before Keynes replied to Hayek's letter of January 23.
"Your letters helps me very much towards getting at what is in your mind. I think you have told me all that I am entitled to ask by way of correspondence. The matter could not be carried further except by an extension of your argument to a more actual case than the simplified one we have been discussing. (...) "
....... N. Wapshott, Keyns Hayek, p. 106. (Hayek, Prices and Production, p. 265.)
  • I think you have now told me all that I am entitled to ask by way of correspondence.
  • The matter could not be carried further except by an extension of your argument to a more actual case than the simplified one we have been discussing.
  1. answer 대신 told로 표현한 케인스의 날카로운 낱말 선택을 감지할 수 있다. '네가 나에게 <일러주기(즉 일방적을 말해주기)>는 했지만 <답변(궁금증을 해소)>해준 것은 아니다'는 뉘앙스가 녹아 있다.
  2. 'could not ... except by'를 써서 강하게 몰아붙이는 표현 기법을 동원한 반면, 'a more ... than'의 비교급을 결합하는 (...) 

7.
Moved by insane delusion and reckless self-regard, the German people overturned the foundations on which we all lived and build. But the spokesmen of the French and British peoples have run the risk of completing the ruin, which Germany began, by a Peace which, if it is carried into effect, must impair yet further, when it might have restored, the delicate, complicated organization, already shaken and broken by war, through which alone the European people can employ themselves and live.

... J.M. Keynes, The Economic Consequences of the Peace (1919/1920)

8.
This was decided in the affirmative for reasons which I understand but with which I do not agree.

... John Maynard Keynes, “On the Eve of Gold Suspension,” Sept. 10, 1931.

9.
The pressure to lend abroad might be increased: [either] (a) as a result of the demand schedule of borrowers abroad rising relatively to the schedule of home borrowers; [or]  (b) as a result of the supply schedule of lenders at home for foreign lending falling[? rising] relatively to their supply schedule for home lending. ... ...  As an example of (b), let us suppose that the investor feels more confidence than before in the credit or prospects of some foreign countries or set of foreign countries. He will then be more willing than before to lend [abroad] unless the terms for home lending are correspondingly increased, which may be impossible having regard to the prospective yield. Or it may be that he feels less trust than before in the prospects of home investment. Again, equilibrium requires a larger favourable balances, to secure which we must cheapen our exports.

... J. M. Keynes, Chapter 3 "Interlude (1930)," in Collected Writings, vol. 13: The General Theory and After (...)



10.




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