출처: Adam Smith (1776). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of The Wealth of Nations.
세부 출처: Chapter 3, "On the Accumulation of Capital, or of Productive and Unproductive Labour," in Book II, "On the Nature, Accumulation, and Employment of Stock."
자료: https://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/smith-adam/works/wealth-of-nations/book02/ch03.htm (My catalog of Adam Smith's writings)
- Though the manufacturer has his wages advanced to him by his master, he, in reality, costs him no expense, the value of those wages being generally restored, together with a profit, in the improved value of the subject upon which his labour is bestowed.
- But the maintenance of a menial servant never is restored.
- The labour of the latter, however, has its value, and deserves its reward as well as that of the former.
- But the labour of the manufacturer fixes and realizes itself in some particular subject or vendible commodity, which lasts for some time at least after that labour is past. It is, as it were, a certain quantity of labour stocked and stored up to be employed, if necessary, upon some other occasion. That subject, or what is the same thing, the price of that subject, can afterwards, if necessary, put into motion a quantity of labour equal to that which had originally produced it.
- The labour of the menial servant, on the contrary, does not fix or realize itself in any particular subject or vendible commodity. His services generally perish in the very instant of their performance, and seldom leave any trace or value behind them for which an equal quantity of service could afterwards be produced.
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