2014년 12월 4일 목요일

[발췌: P.B. Trescott's] Jingji Xue: The History of the Introduction of Western Economic Ideas into China, 1850-1950 (2007)

출처: Paul B. Trescott (2007). ^Jingji Xue: The History of the Introduction of Western Economic Ideas into China, 1850-1950^. Hong Kong: The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
자료: 구글도서



※ 발췌 (excerpts):

cf. Chapter 3 begins at page 46:

Chapter 3
Sun Yat-sen

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p. 47:

Henry George placed much of the blame for China's economic distress on bad domestic government and on imperialism. In his 1924 lectures, Sun claimed that "the European powers are crushing China with their imperialism and economic strength" (1943, p. 36). Both George and Sun argued that the existence of a government with democratic form would not assure good policies. For Sun, it was the weakness, rather than the wickedness, of the state which seemed most deplorable (1943, p. 198)

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pp. 51-52:

Sun's writings on economic development are available in English chiefly in four volumes. The International Development of China, initially published in 1920, was largely an extension of the transportation program which Sun had been developing since 1912. And the end of World War I, Sun believed that China could and should attract a large inflow of foreign capital. However, Sun's grandiose proposals went unnoticed by the western powers. His second major publication, his famous San Min Chu I (the Three People's Principles), was published in 1925 as a transcription of lectures delivered in 1924 on the themes of nationalism, sovereignty, and livelihood. The lectures were probably influenced by the willingness of the Soviet Union to assist Sun's political organization, the Kuomintang. The text is a rambling patchwork of political rhetoric, but most commentators agree that it presented ideas of which Sun had maintained consistently for twenty years or more. [n.14] At the same time it reflects his favorable view of Lenin's New Economic Policy. Additional writings appeared in English in a volume inappropriately titled Memoirs of a Chinese Revolutionary, originally published in 1918, and in Prescription for Saving China (Wei 1994).

The International Development of China grew out of Sun's efforts to interest the western powers in providing capital and expertise to aid China's development at the end of World War I. Sun envisioned a vast network of state-owned and state-dominated enterprises:
I suggest that the vast resources of China be developed internationally under a socialistic scheme ... It is my hope that as a result of this, the present spheres of influence can be abolished; the international commercial war can be done away with; the internecine capitalist competition can be got rid of, and ... the class struggle between capital and labour can be avoided. (Sun 1928, p. 6)
The bulk of The International Development of China was concerned with railway and waterway development. The waterway plans, often presented in loving detail, embodies the mixture of good sense and fantasy so often characteristic of Sun's economic ideas. He proposed the development of three major seaports. Two of these were proposed for relatively undeveloped locations, probably to enable the development authority to capture much of the rise in land values to be engendered (Sun 1928, pp. 28, 31). For inland waterways, Sun stressed a multi-purpose approach concerned with flood control and reclamation as well as navigation.

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