2012년 4월 8일 일요일

[자료] TOPOLOGICAL MODELLING OF GRAMMATICAL AND LEXICAL ASPECT IN ENGLISH


자료: http://versita.metapress.com/content/p23571r721484546/fulltext.pdf
지은이: Waldemar Skrzypczak (Nicolaus Copernicus University),
Research in Language 2007, vol. 5


The paper aspires to present three modes of encoding aspect:

(a) grammatical aspect (broadly understood in terms of perfective/progressive
constructions involving primary auxiliaries BE and/or HAVE along
with appropriate present and past participle forms
(b) lexical aspect (akin to Aktionsart), involving the profiling of a temporal
situation within the ‘internal semantics’ of the verb alone
(c) an attempt at an integration of grammatical aspect with various types of
lexical aspects.

In order to arrive at possibly full and clear descriptions three different conventions
have been used respectively for: (a) the grammatical aspect (granularity
and entity-like, substance-like and container-like ontological representations,
akin to respective nominal analogs), (b) lexical aspect (illustrated within the
spatio-temporal frame; vertical for 1-dimensional space, horizontal for 1-dimensional
time; also ‘translated’ into the entity-substance-container analogs),
and (c) an attempted integration of both grammatical and lexical aspects, which
can be referred to as a special kind of ‘blending’ along the morpho-syntactic
spectrum (also akin to a special kind of compositionality in Langacker’s sense of
profile determinants and elaboration sites).

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