※ 항목 기술자: Immanuel Wallerstein
※ 참고: 월러스틴의 다른 해설: A Dictionary of Cultural and Critical Theory
* * *
Fernand Braudel was the leading figure of the so-called second generation of the Annales School or historiographic tradition, a tradition that distinguished itself from the outset by its emphasis on what it called “total history.” Within this tradition, Braudel's work is noted for four major emphases:
- concern with the unit of analysis, and in particular with a construct he called a “world-economy” ( économie-monde );
- analysis of social temporalities, which he asserted to be multiple, and in particular that of the longue durée ;
- his insistence on interscience, which refers to his concern with breaking down the barriers between history and the other social sciences (sociology, geography, political science, and economics); and
- an interpretation of economic life that drew a sharp and unusual distinction between the market and capitalism.