2009년 1월 7일 수요일

사회적 지지, 사회적 망, 사회자본 (Social Support, Social Network, and Social Capital)

자료: 서울대 의과대 의료관리학 교실,  http://www.snu-dhpm.ac.kr/pds/files/SocCapital(%B0%AD%BF%B5%C8%A3).pdf


제목: 사회적 지지, 사회적 망, 사회자본 (Social Support, Social Network, and Social Capital)

※ 메모: 

사회자본이란? What is Social Capital?: 다양한용어들이social capital 과비슷한의미로사용되고있다.
  • Social capital
  • Social cohesion
  • Civil society
  • Community self-efficacy
  • Community empowerment
  • Community capacity / capability
  • Communitarianism

사회자본이라는용어는,
“…adopted indiscriminately, adapted uncritically, and applied imprecisely …risks trying to explain too much with too little…” (Michael Woolcock, World Bank (1997))

Origins of the Term “Social Capital”

  • Two books by Robert Putnam (1993, 1995): 

    (1) Making democracy work: civic traditions in modern Italy
    (2) Bowling Alone: America’s declining social capital

  • Social Capital: 

    (1) refers to features of social organization such as networks, norms, and social trust that facilitate co-ordination and co-operation for mutual benefit

    (2) originates in membership in voluntary associations, and in dense networks of such organizations in any community, because it is in such setting that people learn to trust, to reciprocate, and to act in concert to demand public services and good government.

“The bottom line from this multitude of studies: As a rough rule of thumb, if you belong to no groups but decide to join one, you cut your risk of dying over the next year in half. If you smoke and belong to no groups, it’s a toss up statistically whether you should stop smoking or start joining. These findings are in some ways heartening: it’s easier to join a group than to lose weight, exercise regularly, or quit smoking.” (Robert Putnam -Bowling Alone, Chapter 20, “Health and Happiness”, Bowling Alone. 2000, p. 331)
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